Polyvinyl chloride or vinyl compound is majorly made of two basic substances:
Chlorine is extracted from the salt vis a process called electrolytic disassociation. While crude oil is used
to extract ethylene.The petroleum is passed through a certain amount of heat and pressure which
causes it to be brokendown into ethylene, butadiene and propylene, this process is known as cracking.
The chlorine andethylene are then used to manufacture vinyl in the ration of 57% and 43% respectively.
What are the three processes involved in the creation of vinyl?
THE MONOMER PROCESS:
Ethylene and chlorine are combined using one of the two methods
- direct chlorination: where pure chlorine and ethylene are used.
- oxychlorination: where ethylene reacts with chlorine in the presence of hydrogen.
THE POLYMERIZATION PROCESS
In this method, the vinyl chlorine moisture is polymerized and converted into polyvinyl chloride
popularly known as PVC. Various processes that go into this creation such as suspension, mass
The vinyl resin needs to compound before it can be put through further processing. The resin is mixed
with many additives, modifiers to produce a final compound. The additives and modifiers vary with what
kind of application will a certain batch of a vinyl compound have.
The final and complete guide to flooring today.
Flooring acts as backdrop much like wall coverings to the rest of the interior of a house. The new and
numerous varieties of patterns and designs available due to high technological advancement
enable vinyl flooring as a much loved and unique option. There is practical value, guaranteed aesthetics and a certain high durability factor that comes in a package, vinyl flooring[ไว นิล ปู พื้น, which is the term in Thai] is the rage and trend in today’s times.